Joe Bugner

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Joe Bugner
Bugner (left) during a boxing match
József Kreul Bugner

(1950-03-13) 13 March 1950 (age 73)
Szőreg, Hungary
Other namesAussie Joe
Height6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)
Reach82 in (210 cm)
Boxing record
Total fights83
Wins by KO43

József Kreul Bugner (born 13 March 1950), also known as Joe Bugner, is a former heavyweight professional boxer and actor. He holds triple nationality, being a citizen of Hungary and a naturalised citizen of both Australia and the United Kingdom. He unsuccessfully challenged Muhammad Ali for the heavyweight championship in 1975, losing by a unanimous decision. As an actor, he is best known for his role in the 1994 action film Street Fighter alongside Jean-Claude Van Damme and Raul Julia.[citation needed]

Born in Szőreg, a southeastern suburb of Szeged in southern Hungary, Bugner and his family fled after the 1956 Soviet invasion and settled in Britain. Standing at 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) with a prime weight of around 220 pounds (100 kg),[1] Bugner twice held the British and British Commonwealth heavyweight titles and was a three-time European heavyweight champion.[2] He was ranked among the world's top ten heavyweights of the 1970s, fighting such opponents as Muhammad Ali, Joe Frazier, Ron Lyle, Jimmy Ellis, Manuel Ramos, Chuck Wepner, Earnie Shavers, Henry Cooper, Brian London, Mac Foster, Rudie Lubbers, Eduardo Corletti, Jurgen Blin and George Johnson.[3] The Telegraph also ranked him among the top ten British heavyweight boxers of all time.[4]

Bugner retired from boxing in 1976 but made sporadic comebacks over the next two decades with varying success. He moved to Australia in 1986, adopting the nickname "Aussie Joe," beating fighters such as Greg Page, David Bey, Anders Eklund and James Tillis before retiring again after a TKO loss to Frank Bruno in 1987.[citation needed] He made a final comeback during the 1990s, winning the Australian heavyweight title in 1995 and the lightly regarded World Boxing Federation (WBF) heavyweight championship in 1998 at the age of 48 against James "Bonecrusher" Smith. He retired for the last time in 1999 with a final record of 69–13–1, including 43 wins by knockout.[citation needed]

Early years[edit]

Bugner and his family fled to the United Kingdom in the late 1950s because of the Soviet Union's invasion of Hungary in 1956 after the Hungarian Uprising of that year.[5] Initially, he was one of about 80 refugees housed in the students' Hostel at Smedley's factory in Wisbech.[6] They settled in the Huntingdonshire town of St Ives near the Fens. So, as local custom dictated, he was known as a Fen Tiger. Bugner excelled in sports at school and was the national junior discus champion in 1964.[7] He lived and trained in Bedford during his early boxing years; he was a regular at Bedford Boys Club under the training of Paul King[8] and attended Goldington Road School in Bedford.[citation needed]

Boxing career[edit]


Throughout his brief amateur career, Bugner competed sixteen times, winning thirteen matches. On the recommendation of his then-trainer and buddy, Andy Smith, he became a professional in 1967 (at the very young age of 17). Smith was unhappy with the choice of Bugner's opponents and believed that he could better control the quality of his opponents if Bugner turned professional.[9] He had a losing debut against Paul Brown on 20 December 1967 at the London Hilton, where he suffered a TKO in the third round. Showing gritty determination after his debut, the teenage Bugner went on to win a remarkable 18 consecutive fights in under two years during 1968 and 1969 (including 13 stoppage victories) before narrowly losing to the older and vastly more experienced Dick Hall.[10] He bounced back and rounded off the 1960s with three further stoppage victories.[citation needed]


In 1970 Bugner emerged internationally as an outstanding young prospect and was world-rated by the end of the year. He won nine consecutive bouts that year, including victories over well-known boxers such as Chuck Wepner, Manuel Ramos, Johnny Prescott, Brian London, Eduardo Corletti, Charley Polite, and George Johnson.[citation needed]

Bugner was now positioned to challenge world-rated Englishman Henry Cooper, who had nearly knocked out Muhammad Ali a few years previously, for Cooper's British, British Commonwealth and European titles. However, because Bugner was still too young to fight for the British Commonwealth title (the minimum age was twenty-one years old at the time), this much-anticipated bout had to be postponed until the following year. While waiting to come of age, in 1971, he defeated Carl Gizzi and drew with Bill Drover just weeks later and weeks before facing Cooper.

Bugner earned a reputation early in his professional years as a tough, durable but often exceptionally defensive and cautious boxer; he retained that image for the rest of his career. He was often criticized for lacking natural aggression in the ring. Some observers argued that Bugner's heart was never in boxing after an early opponent, Ulric Regis, died from brain injuries soon after being outpointed by Bugner at London's Shoreditch Town Hall. Many[who?] said that Bugner never punched his full weight after that.[opinion]

Defeat of Henry Cooper[edit]

In March 1971, Bugner met veteran Cooper and won a fifteen-round decision. Bugner won the bout by the slimmest of margins, 1/4 point, on the card of the lone official, Harry Gibbs. The British sporting public and press were deeply divided about the verdict. Many felt that Cooper deserved the decision due to his steady aggression. But Bugner fought effectively on the defense and often scored with his left jab, and in the opinion of many[who?], was the rightful winner of the bout. The Times, among others, scored the fight in favor of Bugner. Still, the outcome of the bout is regarded as one of the most controversial in British boxing history.[citation needed]

Nonetheless, Bugner was now the British, British Commonwealth, and European champion, and for the first time, he was ranked among the world's top ten heavyweights. Bugner would remain in the world ratings for most of the 1970s.[citation needed]

Bugner retained his European title with a decision over tough German heavyweight Jürgen Blin.[citation needed]

Fight between Bugner and Jack Bodell.

However, later in 1971, Bugner surprisingly lost decisions to underdogs Jack Bodell and Larry Middleton; sandwiched between these losses was a victory over Mike Boswell. The Bodell fight was particularly costly, depriving Bugner of his British, British Commonwealth and European championships. Bugner's relative inexperience, his youth and lack of an extensive amateur background were the chief causes of these defeats.[citation needed]

In 1972 Bugner won eight consecutive fights, including a knockout over Jürgen Blin for the European championship. By the end of this, Bugner demonstrated much-improved ring ability and acquired enough experience that his manager began seeking matches against the world's best heavyweights.[citation needed]

Prime years[edit]

Bugner began 1973 by retaining his European belt with a victory over the capable Dutchman Rudie Lubbers. The 23-year-old Bugner then lost twelve-round decisions to Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier. Despite being clearly defeated, Bugner fought well and won the respect of the boxing media and the public alike. After their bout, Ali declared that Bugner was capable of being world champion.[11] Ali's trainer Angelo Dundee later echoed that sentiment.[12] The fight with Frazier in July 1973 at Earls Court in London was deemed a classic. After being knocked down by a tremendous left hook in the tenth round, Bugner arose and staggered Frazier to close the round. Frazier took the decision, but only narrowly, and arguably only George Foreman and Muhammad Ali ever gave Frazier a harder fight. Many regard the Frazier bout as being Bugner's best career performance.

After the Ali and Frazier fights, Bugner won a further 8 bouts in a row, his most notable victories being over ex-WBA World Heavyweight Champion Jimmy Ellis, and Mac Foster. By the end of 1974, Bugner was rated among the top five heavyweight contenders in the world.

Bugner challenged Muhammad Ali for the world championship in June 1975, the bout being held in Kuala Lumpur, with Ali winning a relatively one-sided fifteen-round decision. Bugner performed fairly well but maintained a strictly defensive posture throughout most of this fight, perhaps due to the blistering tropical heat, and as a result, he was widely scorned by the media and public. In an interview during an April 2008 reunion with Henry Cooper, Bugner defended his tactics in the Ali fight as having been necessary due to the extreme temperature and humidity of the outside venue.[citation needed]

Regains British, European & Commonwealth titles[edit]

Early in 1976, Bugner announced his retirement from boxing, stating that he no longer felt motivated to fight professionally.[citation needed] Within months however he returned to the ring, expressing disgust at Richard Dunn's performance against Ali and in October, he blasted out Richard Dunn in the first round to reclaim the British, British Commonwealth and European championships. Onlookers state that they had never seen Bugner angry before and that while Dunn's supporters had waged a quite unsportsmanlike campaign against Bugner, if he had fought like that in his earlier career, he could have gone further.[citation needed]

In 1977, Bugner lost a close twelve-round decision away from home to top contender Ron Lyle. The scores were 57–53 and 56–54 for Lyle against 55–54 for Bugner. After this bout, Bugner again retired, making only sporadic comebacks to the ring over the next decades.[citation needed]


Bugner returned to the ring for brief periods in the 1980s and 1990s but was never as effective as he had been during his prime due to his age and inactivity.[citation needed]

After a three-year absence from the ring, Bugner returned in May 1980, knocking out fringe contender Gilberto Acuna, before promptly retiring again. In 1982, a ring-rusty Bugner (having had only one short fight in 5 years and weighing in some 25 lbs above his prime fighting weight) fought the hard-hitting top contender Earnie Shavers, but was stopped in the second round due to a badly cut eye. However, Bugner decided to continue his comeback, stopping the useful John Denis and fringe contender Danny Sutton, as well as domestic contenders Winston Allen and Eddie Neilson. In 1983, a subdued and unmotivated Bugner lost to Marvis Frazier, showing little ambition throughout the bout. He followed this with a decision over future European champion Anders Eklund and a controversial loss to future World Title challenger Steffen Tangstad. Bugner appeared to have done enough to win the Tangstad fight, however, like with the Frazier and Eklund bouts, he appeared unmotivated and uninterested throughout.[citation needed]

Comeback in Australia[edit]

In 1986 Bugner moved to Australia, where he adopted the nickname Aussie Joe after becoming an Australian citizen.[13] In Australia, Bugner launched a fairly successful comeback, earning good victories over world title contenders James Tillis and David Bey and an impressive victory over former WBA heavyweight champion Greg Page, gaining a world ranking in the process, after which he spoke of challenging reigning heavyweight champion Mike Tyson.[14] However, there was great clamour for a fight with fellow Briton Frank Bruno. The bout was touted as the biggest all-British heavyweight bout since Cooper Vs Bugner in 1971. The bout took place on 24 October 1987, and Bugner suffered an eighth-round TKO loss to the much younger and fresher world title contender for the Commonwealth championship in front of a huge crowd at White Hart Lane football stadium. Bugner promptly retired again following this defeat, only his 3rd stoppage defeat in 20 years.[citation needed]


Inspired by the 45-year-old George Foreman's recapture of the heavyweight title, Bugner made a final comeback in 1995, beating Vince Cervi to win the Australian heavyweight title, followed by a win over West Turner. Bugner then fought fellow Briton and world title contender Scott Welch for the WBO Intercontinental Heavyweight Title. Welch proved too young and fresh for the now 46-year-old Bugner, handing him a TKO defeat in the 6th round.[citation needed]

Bugner continued to fight on against far younger opponents. In 1996 he defeated the respectable Young Haumona for the Pacific and Australasian Heavyweight title, retained it against Waisiki Ligaloa in 1997, added the Australian title by defeating the tough Colin Wilson and defending both titles against Bob Mirovic in 1998.[citation needed]

In 1998 Bugner's long-term tenacity finally gave him a world crown, albeit a lightly regarded title - the WBF version of the heavyweight crown - by defeating former WBA World Heavyweight Champion James "Bonecrusher" Smith. At the age of 48 years and 110 days, it made him the oldest ever boxer to hold a minor championship belt.[15][16]

Bugner fought just once more. In June 1999, at the age of 49, he defeated the durable fringe contender Levi Billups, who was disqualified for low blows.[17]

Fight record[edit]

His record for 83 professional fights is 69 wins (41 on knockouts), 13 Losses and 1 Draw.[17]

In an interview in 2004, Bugner said that the hardest puncher he had ever faced was Earnie Shavers and the biggest beating he took was from Ron Lyle.[18]

Life outside boxing[edit]

After moving to Australia, Bugner and his wife, Marlene, opened a vineyard. It failed in 1989, and he lost an estimated two million Australian dollars.[13] He now lives in Brisbane, Queensland.

Bugner has worked in the film industry. During the 1970s, he appeared in one of several PSAs themed Be Smart, Be Safe; these dealt with instructing children on how to safely cross a road or a street. In 1979 Bugner featured in an Italian film, Io sto con gli ippopotami with Bud Spencer and Terence Hill, he worked with Bud Spencer in his films in the 1980s. He worked as the expert adviser on the Russell Crowe film, Cinderella Man, which was a film about the heavyweight boxer James J. Braddock.[19] Bugner was dropped part way through the project, which prompted him to call Crowe, "a gutless worm and a f*****g girl".[20][21]

Bugner suffers from a serious back injury he sustained from training for fights in his middle years. He also has financial problems. These financial problems prompted him to re-enter the ring at such an advanced age. A benefit was held for Bugner in 2008 by Kevin Lueshing.[22]

In November 2009, Bugner replaced Camilla Dallerup on day 4 of the British TV show I'm A Celebrity Get Me Out Of Here!. He left the show on day 16 after losing a bushtucker trial called 'Jungle Jail' to fellow celebrity Stuart Manning.[citation needed]

Bugner has three children, James, Joe Jr., and Amy, from his ex-wife Melody.[23]

Bugner's autobiography, Joe Bugner - My Story, was published by New Holland Publishing (Australia) in November 2013.[24]

Professional boxing record[edit]

69 Wins (43 knockouts, 26 decisions, 2 disqualifications), 13 Losses (4 knockouts, 9 decisions), 1 Draw[25]
Res. Record Opponent Type Rd., Time Date Location Notes
Win 69-13-1 United States Levi Billups DQ 9 1999-06-13 Broadbeach, Australia
Win 68-13-1 United States James Smith TKO 1 1998-07-04 Carrara, Australia Won vacant WBF Heavyweight title
Win 67-13-1 Australia Bob Mirovic SD 12 1998-04-20 Carrara, Australia Retained Australian Heavyweight title,
won vacant PABA Heavyweight title.
Win 66-13-1 Australia Colin Wilson UD 12 1998-01-13 Broadbeach, Australia Retained Australian Heavyweight title.
Win 65-13-1 Fiji Waisiki Ligaloa TKO 7 1997-06-03 Southport, Australia Retained PABA Heavyweight title; Bugner later stripped of title for failing to make
mandatory defence.
Win 64-13-1 New Zealand Young Haumona KO 5 1996-07-05 Carrara, Australia Won vacant PABA Heavyweight title.
Loss 63-13-1 United Kingdom Scott Welch TKO 6 1996-03-16 Berlin, Germany Fought for inaugural WBO Inter-Continental Heavyweight title.
Win 63-12-1 United States West Turner KO 3 1996-02-02 Perth, Australia
Win 62-12-1 Australia Vince Cervi UD 12 1995-09-22 Carrara, Australia Won Australian Heavyweight title.
Loss 61-12-1 United Kingdom Frank Bruno TKO 8 1987-10-24 White Hart Lane, London
Win 61-11-1 United States Greg Page UD 10 1987-07-24 Sydney, Australia
Win 60-11-1 United States David Bey UD 10 1986-11-14 Sydney, Australia
Win 59-11-1 United States James Tillis PTS 10 1986-09-15 Sydney, Australia
Loss 58-11-1 Norway Steffen Tangstad SD 10 1984-02-18 Copenhagen, Denmark
Win 58-10-1 Sweden Anders Eklund MD 10 1984-01-13 Randers, Denmark
Loss 57-10-1 United States Marvis Frazier UD 10 1983-06-04 Atlantic City, New Jersey
Win 57-9-1 United States Danny Sutton TKO 9 1983-04-20 Muswell Hill, London
Win 56-9-1 United States John Dino Denis TKO 3 1983-02-16 Wood Green, London
Win 55-9-1 United Kingdom Eddie Neilson TKO 5 1982-12-09 Bloomsbury, London
Win 54-9-1 United States Winston Allen KO 3 1982-10-28 Bloomsbury, London
Loss 53-9-1 United States Earnie Shavers TKO 2 1982-05-08 Reunion Arena, Dallas Bugner stopped on cuts.
Win 53-8-1 Costa Rica Gilberto Acuna TKO 6 1980-08-23 Inglewood, California
Loss 52-8-1 United States Ron Lyle SD 12 1977-03-20 Caesars Palace, Nevada
Won 52-7-1 United Kingdom Richard Dunn KO 1 1976-10-12 Wembley, London Retained EBU Heavyweight title, won
British and Commonwealth
Heavyweight titles.
Loss 51-7-1 United States Muhammad Ali UD 15 1975-07-01[26] Merdeka Stadium, Kuala Lumpur Fought for WBA/WBC Heavyweight titles.
Win 51-6-1 Italy Dante Cane TKO 5 1975-02-28 Bologna, Italy Retained EBU Heavyweight title.
Win 50-6-1 Argentina Santiago Alberto Lovell TKO 2 1974-12-03 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 49-6-1 United States Jimmy Ellis PTS 10 1974-11-12 Wembley, London
Win 48-6-1 Venezuela Jose Luis Garcia KO 2 1974-10-01 Wembley, London
Win 47-6-1 Italy Piermario Baruzzi TKO 10 1974-05-29 Copenhagen, Denmark Retained EBU Heavyweight title.
Win 46-6-1 United States Pat Duncan PTS 10 1974-03-12 Wembley, London
Win 45-6-1 United States Mac Foster PTS 10 1973-11-13 Wembley, London
Win 44-6-1 Italy Giuseppe Ros PTS 15 1973-10-02 Royal Albert Hall, London Retained EBU Heavyweight title.
Loss 43-6-1 United States Joe Frazier PTS 12 1973-07-02 Earls Court, London
Loss 43-5-1 United States Muhammad Ali UD 12 1973-02-14 Las Vegas, Nevada
Win 43-4-1 Netherlands Rudie Lubbers UD 15 1973-01-16 Royal Albert Hall, London Retained EBU Heavyweight title.
Win 42-4-1 Italy Dante Cane TKO 6 1972-11-28 Ice Rink, Nottingham
Win 41-4-1 United States Tony Doyle TKO 8 1972-11-14 Wembley, London
Win 40-4-1 Germany Jürgen Blin KO 8 1972-10-10 Royal Albert Hall, London Won EBU Heavyweight title.
Win 39-4-1 Canada Paul Nielsen TKO 6 1972-07-19 Croke Park, Dublin
Win 38-4-1 United States Doug Kirk TKO 5 1972-06-06 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 37-4-1 United States Marc Hans TKO 3 1972-05-09 Wembley, London
Win 36-4-1 United States Leroy Caldwell DQ 5 1972-04-25 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 35-4-1 United States Brian O'Melia TKO 2 1972-03-28 Wembley, London
Loss 34-4-1 United States Larry Middleton PTS 10 1971-11-24 Ice Rink, Nottingham
Win 34-3-1 United States Mike Boswell UD 10 1971-11-17 Houston, Texas
Loss 33-3-1 United Kingdom Jack Bodell PTS 15 1971-09-27 Wembley, London Lost British, Commonwealth and EBU
Heavyweight titles.
Win 33-2-1 Germany Jürgen Blin PTS 15 1971-05-11 Wembley, London Retained EBU Heavyweight title.
Win 32-2-1 United Kingdom Henry Cooper PTS 15 1971-03-16 Wembley, London Won British, Commonwealth and EBU
Heavyweight titles.
Draw 31-2-1 Canada Bill Drover PTS 10 1971-02-10 Bethnal Green, London
Win 31-2 United Kingdom Carl Gizzi PTS 10 1971-01-19 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 30-2 Argentina Miguel Angel Paez TKO 3 1970-12-08 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 29-2 United States George Johnson PTS 10 1970-11-03 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 28-2 Argentina Hector Eduardo Corletti PTS 10 1970-10-06 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 27-2 United States Chuck Wepner TKO 3 1970-09-08 Wembley, London
Win 26-2 United Kingdom Brian London TKO 5 1970-05-12 Wembley, London
Win 25-2 United States Ray Patterson PTS 8 1970-04-21 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 24-2 Mexico Manuel Ramos PTS 4 1970-03-24 Wembley, London
Win 23-2 Peru Roberto Davila TKO 4 1970-02-10 Picadilly, London
Win 22-2 United Kingdom Johnny Prescott PTS 8 1970-01-20 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 21-2 United States Charley Polite TKO 3 1969-12-09 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 20-2 United States Eddie Talhami TKO 4 1969-11-11 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 19-2 United States Phil Smith TKO 2 1969-10-14 Royal Albert Hall, London
Loss 18-2 United States Dick Hall PTS 8 1969-08-04 Hotel Piccadilly, Manchester
Win 18-1 United States Moses Harrell PTS 8 1969-06-09 Belle Vue, Manchester
Win 17-1 United States Tony Ventura PTS 8 1969-05-20 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 16-1 United States Jack O'Halloran PTS 8 1969-04-15 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 15-1 Belgium Lion Ven TKO 5 1969-03-25 Wembley, London
Win 14-1 Trinidad and Tobago Ulric Regis PTS 8 1969-03-11 Shoreditch, London
Win 13-1 United Kingdom Terry Feeley TKO 1 1969-02-25 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 12-1 Saint Kitts and Nevis Rudolph Vaughan TKO 2 1969-01-21 Kensington, London
Win 11-1 United Kingdom George Dulaire TKO 4 1968-12-19 Bethnal Green, London
Win 10-1 United Kingdom Gene Innocent TKO 3 1968-11-12 Wembley, London
Win 9-1 United Kingdom Paul Brown TKO 3 1968-11-04 Connaught Rooms, London
Win 8-1 United Kingdom Vic Moore TKO 1 1968-10-08 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 7-1 United Kingdom Obe Hepburn TKO 1 1968-08-18 Wembley, London
Win 6-1 United Kingdom Paul Brown TKO 4 1968-05-28 Royal Albert Hall, London
Win 5-1 Netherlands Antilles Billy Wynter PTS 6 1968-05-21 Bethnal Green, London
Win 4-1 United Kingdom Mick Oliver RTD 3 1968-05-06 Mayfair, London
Win 3-1 United Kingdom Bert Johnson KO 3 1968-03-26 Bethnal Green, London
Win 2-1 United Kingdom Jim McIlvaney TKO 2 1968-02-27 Bethnal Green, London
Win 1-1 United Kingdom Paul Cassidy TKO 2 1968-01-30 Bethnal Green, London
Loss 0-1 United Kingdom Paul Brown KO 3 1967-12-20 Mayfair, London

Exhibition boxing record[edit]

2 fights 0 wins 0 losses
Non-scored 2
No. Result Record Opponent Type Round, time Date Location Notes
2 0–0 (2) United States Muhammad Ali ? Feb 8, 1979 New Zealand Western Springs, Auckland, New Zealand Non-scored bout
1 0–0 (1) United States Muhammad Ali ? Dec 3, 1974 United Kingdom Royal Albert Hall, London, England Non-scored bout


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  2. ^ Roger Bamber (25 May 1987). "Joe Bugner the Hungarian born British heavyweight champion boxer, kissing his wife". Alarmy. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  3. ^ Mike Goodpaster (14 November 2022). "Top 10 Heavyweight of the 1970s". The Grueling Truth. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  4. ^ Gareth A. Davies (24 April 2017). "Top 10 British Heavyweight Boxers of All Time". The Telegraph. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  5. ^ "Joe Bugner - Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia". 28 March 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  6. ^ Smedley, Michael (1991). "Smedley's in Wisbech". Annual Report. Wisbech Society. 52: 7–11.
  7. ^ Ruff, David. "Joe Bugner Keeps on Coming Back - Interview". Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  8. ^ Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. {{cite news}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ [1] Archived 11 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Joe Bugner : Boxer". Archived from the original on 17 November 2002. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  11. ^ "Ali In A World Of His Own". Sports Illustrated. 26 February 1973. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  12. ^ "The Next Stop Is Costa Rica". Sports Illustrated. 1 March 1976. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  13. ^ a b "Article Two - August 1999". Boxing Monthly. Archived from the original on 20 June 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  14. ^ "Scorecard". Sports Illustrated. 3 August 1987. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
  15. ^ [2] Archived 21 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ [3] Archived 13 October 2004 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2007.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Interview with Joe Bugner". 18 February 2004. Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  19. ^ "Russell Crowe | Crowe Gets Boxing Lessons". 12 August 2003. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  20. ^ Broadbent, Rick (15 November 2004). "Cinderella Man who went to the ball and conquered". The Times. London. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
  21. ^ "Five still fighting at forty". The Guardian. London. 7 May 2006. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
  22. ^ "Ten things you need to know about new I'm a Celebrity contestant Joe Bugner". Daily Mirror. 18 November 2009.
  23. ^ The Mirror 26 November 2009 Joe Bugner: Having the boxer as a dad made my life hell, says his son James
  24. ^ Bugner, Joe; Mullins, Stuart (2013). My Story. New Holland. ISBN 978-1-74257-458-5.
  25. ^ "Joe Bugner : Boxer". Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  26. ^ "ESPN Classic - Muhammad Ali's ring record". Retrieved 6 July 2021.

External links[edit]